South America

.

South America

A principios de la década de los setenta Alicia Pietri de Caldera, concibió la idea de crear un museo para los niños y jóvenes venezolanos que no se pareciera a los museos tradicionales. En el periodo 1969-1974 Doña Alicia, en su condición de Primera Dama de la República y Presidenta de la entonces Fundación Festival del Niño, puso en práctica el Programa Arte y Cultura para los Niños, con la intención de desarrollar sus capacidades mediante actividades participativas. El programa evidenció la necesidad de vincular al niño con el arte, la ciencia y la tecnología para despertar aptitudes y dar respuesta creadora a las inquietudes e interrogantes del hombre del futuro. Esta necesidad se transformó en el objetivo de la Fundación Privada Museo de los Niños. Finalmente, el museo fue inaugurado en 1982 en la ciudad de Caracas. El Museo de los Niños de Caracas es único. Un gran laboratorio para experimentar y explorar, en el cual las máximas fundamentales son “Prohibido no Tocar” y “Aprender Jugando”. Un sitio donde se permite: tocar, resolver, explorar, inventar, relacionar, crear, participar y responder. Una nueva alternativa para educar a través de la recreación, estimular el aprendizaje a través del descubrimiento, enseñarle al niño un camino al conocimiento que parte de las cosas simples que lo rodean y lo llevan a otras más complejas. Las áreas básicas del Museo son: Biología, Comunicación, Ecología y Física. Con el pasar de los años se han actualizado muchas de las exhibiciones, para presentarlas de manera más novedosa a los visitantes, tales como las que muestran Los Sentidos, el Corazón y la Alimentación, en el Área de Biología. En el área de Física, la exhibición de Electricidad se transformó completamente para mostrar cómo se produce, se transmite, se distribuye y se consume. En el área de Ecología, se actualizaron las exposiciones acerca de los Parques Nacionales, las Cadenas Alimentarias, Reconoce tus árboles, y la Huerta, así como el estudio de TV y la pared de símbolos en el Área de Comunicación. Además, se han construido nuevas exhibiciones tales como Terremotos y Volcanes, el motor abierto de un vehículo, ADN, la magia de los genes, los Sistemas del Cuerpo, Cuida tu cuerpo y evita la diabetes, la Capa de Ozono y el Calentamiento Global, Ensayo y error, los comienzos de la aeronáutica, NANO, una miniatura inimaginable, el Astronauta, el Satélite Simón Bolívar, la Carrera Espacial, Jugando a ser Amigo Guía y El Rincón de los Cuentos.

 Listings /  South America

Christ the Redeemer is an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, created by French sculptor Paul Landowski and built by Brazilian engineer Heitor da Silva Costa, in collaboration with the French engineer Albert Caquot. Romanian sculptor Gheorghe Leonida fashioned the face. Constructed between 1922 and 1931, the statue is 30 meters (98 ft) high, excluding its 8-meters (26 ft) pedestal. The arms stretch 28 meters (92 ft) wide. Vincentian priest Pedro Maria Boss first suggested placing a Christian monument on Mount Corcovado in the mid-1850s to honor Princess Isabel, regent of Brazil and the daughter of Emperor Pedro II, but the project was not approved until 1931.

 C, Listings /  South America

The Falkland Islands consist of two main islands and several hundred smaller islands in the south Atlantic Ocean, off the east coast of southern South America. They are a United Kingdom Overseas Territory, but nearby Argentina claims jurisdiction under the name Islas Malvinas. Most visitors to the islands come between October and March (Southern Hemisphere summer) to enjoy the spectacular wildlife and quaint rural lifestyle. The windswept and almost-treeless territory is made up of two main islands, East Falkland and West Falkland, as well as hundreds of smaller islands and islet. The most popular reason to visit is for the scenic beauty and the flora and fauna. Conservation is high on the islands' agenda. Bird and marine species are the most prevalent fauna and include five species of penguin, four species of seal, albatross, petrels, the Falkland flightless steamer duck (logger duck), other duck species, geese, hawks and falcons. The striated caracara (johnny rook) is a rare bird of prey found only on the Falkland Islands and some islands off Cape Horn. Porpoises and dolphins are often sighted with the occasional sighting of whales.

 F, Listings /  South America

Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population of more than 9 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru and the third-largest city in the Americas, behind São Paulo and Mexico City. Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as Ciudad de los Reyes. It became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. Lima is home to one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in the New World. The National University of San Marcos, founded on May 12, 1551, during the Spanish colonial regime, is the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.

 L, Listings /  South America

Patagonia is a region encompassing the vast southernmost tip of South America, shared by Argentina and Chile, with the Andes Mountains as its dividing line. The Argentine side features arid steppes, grasslands and deserts, while the Chilean has glacial fjords and temperate rainforest. Argentina’s famed RN-40 highway passes the pinnacles of Monte Fitz Roy and Perito Moreno Glacier in Los Glaciares National Park.

 Listings, P /  South America

Machu Picchu stands 2,430 m above sea-level, in the middle of a tropical mountain forest, in an extraordinarily beautiful setting. It was probably the most amazing urban creation of the Inca Empire at its height; its giant walls, terraces and ramps seem as if they have been cut naturally in the continuous rock escarpments. The natural setting, on the eastern slopes of the Andes, encompasses the upper Amazon basin with its rich diversity of flora and fauna.

 Listings, M /  South America

The Galápagos Islands is a volcanic archipelago in the Pacific Ocean. It's considered one of the world's foremost destinations for wildlife-viewing. A province of Ecuador, it lies about 1,000km off its coast. Its isolated terrain shelters a diversity of plant and animal species, many found nowhere else. Charles Darwin visited in 1835, and his observation of Galápagos' species later inspired his theory of evolution.

 G, Listings /  South America

.

.

ArtAcadia.org