Central America

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Central America

El Biomuseo — una conjunción poderosa entre ciencia y arte — diseñado por el afamado arquitecto Frank Gehry, es un centro interpretativo dedicado a Panamá que explora la relación entre su biodiversidad y su cultura. El Biomuseo cuenta la historia de la formación del Istmo de Panamá y como este cambió el rumbo de la biodiversidad del planeta Tierra. The Biomuseo - a powerful conjunction between science and art - designed by the famous architect Frank Gehry, is an interpretive center dedicated to Panama that explores the relationship between its biodiversity and its culture. The Biomuseo tells the story of the formation of the Isthmus of Panama and how it changed the course of biodiversity on planet Earth.

 B /  Central America

Tikal is the ruin of an ancient city, which was likely to have been called Yax Mutal, found in a rainforest in Guatemala. It is one of the largest archeological sites and urban centers of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. It is located in the archeological region of the Petén Basin in what is now northern Guatemala. Situated in the department of El Petén, the site is part of Guatemala's Tikal National Park and in 1979 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tikal was the capital of a conquest state that became one of the most powerful kingdoms of the ancient Maya. Though monumental architecture at the site dates back as far as the 4th century BC, Tikal reached its apogee during the Classic Period, c. 200 to 900. During this time, the city dominated much of the Maya region politically, economically, and militarily, while interacting with areas throughout Mesoamerica such as the great metropolis of Teotihuacan in the distant Valley of Mexico. There is evidence that Tikal was conquered by Teotihuacan in the 4th century AD. Following the end of the Late Classic Period, no new major monuments were built at Tikal and there is evidence that elite palaces were burned.

 T /  Central America

Non ci sorprende che Canale di Panama sia chiamato l’8° meraviglia del mondo: il progetto è stato una delle più grandi ed incredibili imprese ingegneristiche della storia. Le navi non devono più circumnavigare il continente, ma possono attraversare il canale lungo 77 km, risparmiando tempo e denaro. I francesi furono i primi a tentare di costruire un canale nel 1880, senza riuscirvi. Durante i lavori infatti, oltre 20.000 lavoratori morirono di febbre gialla e malaria, e il progetto fu abbandonato. Tra il 1904 e il 1914, il Canale di Panama fu completato dagli americani, che si assicurarono che la nuova via d’acqua rimanesse sotto il loro controllo. Panama dovette attendere sino a mezzogiorno (ora locale di Panama) del 31 dicembre 1999 per diventare ufficialmente proprietaria del canale. Per viaggiare dall’Oceano Atlantico al Pacifico, le navi devono superare un dislivello di 26 metri. Le navi attraversano 3 chiuse: Miraflores, Pedro Miguel e Gatun. Un sistema ingegnoso abbassa le navi utilizzando la gravità. Il viaggio attraverso il Canale di Panama dura circa 8-10 ore in totale, e viene effettuato da oltre 14.000 navi all’anno. Il pedaggio è elevato, ma è comunque più conveniente della circumnavigazione del Sud America. Le chiuse di Miraflores offrono le migliori vedute del canale, delle gigantesche cisterne d’acqua e delle navi da crociera. Le chiuse distano circa 30 minuti in auto da Panama City. Vi si trova anche un centro visitatori con piattaforma panoramica, un ristorante con terrazza e un negozio di souvenir. Potrà ammirare anche diverse esposizioni, modellini in scala, presentazioni video e moduli interattivi che spiegano il funzionamento del canale e delle chiuse. Il modo migliore per scoprire il canale, è attendere una nave e osservarla in azione: un vero spettacolo. Il Canale di Panama non solo è uno dei migliori progetti ingegneristici per le sue dimensioni, ma anche lo è anche per le sue numerose soluzioni innovative. Il canale è formato da acqua dolce, per tenere lontana l’acqua salata e non permettere che la flora e la fauna dei due oceani si incontrino. Il Lago artificiale Gatun ha la funzione di bacino per fare confluire nel canale l’acqua piovana e quella proveniente dalle foreste pluviali circostanti. Speciali locomotive elettriche, su entrambi i lati della chiusa, garantiscono che le navi entrino in posizione corretta e la mantengano per tutto il viaggio. It is not surprising that the Panama Canal is called the 8th wonder of the world: the project was one of the largest and most incredible engineering feats in history. Ships no longer have to circumnavigate the continent, but can cross the 77km long canal, saving time and money. The French were the first to attempt to build a canal in 1880, but were unsuccessful. In fact, during the works, over 20,000 workers died of yellow fever and malaria, and the project was abandoned. Between 1904 and 1914, the Panama Canal was completed by the Americans, who made sure that the new waterway remained under their control. Panama had to wait until noon (Panama local time) on December 31, 1999 to officially become the owner of the canal. To travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific, ships have to overcome a vertical drop of 26 meters. The ships pass through 3 locks: Miraflores, Pedro Miguel and Gatun. An ingenious system lowers ships using gravity. The voyage through the Panama Canal takes about 8-10 hours in total, and is carried out by over 14,000 ships a year. The toll is high, but it's still cheaper than circumnavigating South America. The locks of Miraflores offer the best views of the canal, giant water tanks and cruise ships. The locks are approximately a 30-minute drive from Panama City. There is also a visitor center with viewing platform, a restaurant with a terrace and a souvenir shop. You will also be able to admire various exhibits, scale models, video presentations and interactive modules that explain the functioning of the canal and the locks. The best way to discover the canal is to wait for a ship and observe it in action: a real spectacle. The Panama Canal is not only one of the best engineering projects for its size, it is also one of the best for its many innovative solutions. The channel is made up of fresh water, to keep the salt water away and not allow the flora and fauna of the two oceans to meet. The Gatun artificial lake has the function of a basin to allow rainwater and water from the surrounding rainforests to flow into the canal. Special electric locomotives, on both sides of the lock, ensure that the ships enter the correct position and maintain it throughout the journey.

 Listings /  Central America

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