Johannesburg, South Africa's biggest city and capital of Gauteng province, began as a 19th-century gold-mining settlement. Its sprawling Soweto township was once home to Nelson Mandela and Desmond Tutu. Other Soweto museums that recount the struggle to end segregation include the somber Apartheid Museum and Constitution Hill, a former prison complex. Commonly known as Jo’burg or Jozi, this rapidly changing city is the vibrant heart of South Africa. After almost 20 years of decline and decay, Johannesburg is now looking optimistically towards the future. Its center is smartening up and new loft apartments and office developments are being constructed at a rapid pace. The hipster-friendly neighborhood of Maboneng is considered one of the most successful urban renewal projects in the world. However, the wealth divide remains stark, and crime and poverty haven't been eliminated.
Oslo, the capital of Norway, sits on the country’s southern coast at the head of the Oslofjord. It’s known for its green spaces and museums. Many of these are on the Bygdøy Peninsula, including the waterside Norwegian Maritime Museum and the Viking Ship Museum, with Viking ships from the 9th century. The Holmenkollbakken is a ski-jumping hill with panoramic views of the fjord. It also has a ski museum.
Moscow, on the Moskva River in western Russia, is the nation’s cosmopolitan capital. In its historic core is the Kremlin, a complex that’s home to the president and tsarist treasures in the Armoury. Outside its walls is Red Square, Russia's symbolic center. It's home to Lenin’s Mausoleum, the State Historical Museum's comprehensive collection, and St. Basil’s Cathedral, known for its colorful, onion-shaped domes. The largest city in the country and Europe, and one of the largest cities in the world. Moscow refers to global cities having a great influence on the world because of its high economic level and population. It is the main transport hub of Russia, its political, economic, cultural, and scientific center.
New Delhi is an urban district of Delhi which serves as the capital of India and seat of all three branches of the Government of India. The foundation stone of the city was laid by Emperor George V during the Delhi Durbar of 1911. It was designed by British architects, Sir Edwin Lutyens, and Sir Herbert Baker. The straight and diagonal pattern of the broad tree-lined avenues in New Delhi, with extensive green spaces and wide vistas, contrasts sharply with the crowded, narrow, and winding streets characteristic of Old Delhi. The main east-west axis of New Delhi is Central Vista Park, which is flanked by government buildings, museums, and research centers in a parklike setting.
Cape Town is the oldest city in South Africa, colloquially named the Mother City. Cape Town is a port city on South Africa’s southwest coast, on a peninsula beneath the imposing Table Mountain. Slowly rotating cable cars climb to the mountain’s flat top, from which there are sweeping views of the city, the busy harbor, and boats heading for Robben Island, the notorious prison that once held Nelson Mandela, which is now a living museum. A coming-together of cultures, cuisines, and landscapes, there's nowhere quite like Cape Town, a singularly beautiful city crowned by the magnificent Table Mountain National Park.
Tel Aviv, an amazing city on Israel’s Mediterranean coast, is marked by stark 1930s Bauhaus buildings, thousands of which are clustered in the White City architectural area, and became designated a UNESCO world heritage site. The city was founded in 1909 by the Jewish residents as a modern housing estate on the outskirts of the ancient port city of Jaffa, then part of the Jerusalem province of Ottoman Syria. Museums include Beit Hatfutsot, whose multimedia exhibits illustrate the history of Jewish communities worldwide. The Eretz Israel Museum covers the country’s archaeology, folklore, and crafts, and features an on-site excavation of 12th-century-B.C. ruins.
Anchorage, Alaska’s largest city, is in the south-central part of the state on the Cook Inlet. It's known for its cultural sites, including the Alaska Native Heritage Center, which displays traditional crafts, stages dances, and presents replicas of dwellings from the area’s indigenous groups. The city is also a gateway to nearby wilderness areas and mountains including the Chugach, Kenai, and Talkeetna. Anchorage is the place where young spirits and adventurous souls come to play. Alaska activities including famous wildlife, spectacular mountain vistas, fascinating cultures and icy blue glaciers all await your discovery. Metropolitan luxuries mix with unrivaled natural wonders to make Anchorage an unforgettable destination.
Perth, capital of Western Australia, sits where the Swan River meets the southwest coast. Sandy beaches line its suburbs, and the huge, riverside Kings Park and Botanic Garden on Mount Eliza offer sweeping views of the city. The Perth Cultural Centre houses the state ballet and opera companies and occupies its own central precinct, including a theatre, library and the Art Gallery of Western Australia. Nature and urban life exist in harmony in Perth, on Australia's west coast. Here, where the locals soak up more sunny days than in any other Australian capital city, you can visit nearby Rottnest Island, walk-in leafy Kings Park and tour Swan Valley vineyards. For local culture, wander the nearby city of Fremantle's winding portside streets and Perth city center's museum and gallery precinct.
Honolulu, on the island of Oahu’s south shore, is capital of Hawaii and gateway to the U.S. island chain. The Waikiki neighborhood is its center for dining, nightlife, and shopping, famed for its iconic crescent beach backed by palms and high-rise hotels, with volcanic Diamond Head crater looming in the distance. Sites relating to the World War II attack on Pearl Harbor include the USS Arizona Memorial. In this cosmopolitan capital city, you’ll find everything from historic landmarks to fine dining to world-class shopping. Home to the majority of Oahu’s population, Honolulu stretches across the southeastern shores of the island, from Pearl Harbor to Makapuu Point, encompassing world-famous Waikiki Beach along the way.
Miami, officially the City of Miami, is the cultural, economic and financial center of South Florida, the seat of Miami-Dade County, the most populous county in Florida. Miami is one of the world’s – most popular vacation spots. The Miami area does indeed offer multiple enticements for everyone: the trendy nightlife of South Beach, bejeweled by the eye candy of the Art Deco district. The bustle of Calle Ocho and the highly caffeinated energy of Little Havana. The plush hotels of Miami Beach and the historic hideaways of Coral Gables. Seemingly endless shopping opportunities in modern, sprawling malls and the quiet, personal attention offered by the family-owned shops of Coconut Grove and many other corners of the region. The lures of deep-sea fishing and golf and tennis. Miami's major league football, basketball, hockey, and baseball. Boat shows and auto racing. Art festivals and outdoor food and wine extravaganzas. An international airport and the world’s busiest cruise port.
Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, in the central coastal part of the country, overlooking the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a population of more than 9 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru and the third-largest city in the Americas, behind São Paulo and Mexico City. Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as Ciudad de los Reyes. It became the capital and most important city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. Lima is home to one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in the New World. The National University of San Marcos, founded on May 12, 1551, during the Spanish colonial regime, is the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.
Singapore, an island city-state off southern Malaysia, is a global financial center with a tropical climate and multicultural population. Its colonial core centers on the Padang, a cricket field since the 1830s and now flanked by grand buildings such as City Hall, with its 18 Corinthian columns. In Singapore's Chinatown stands the red-and-gold Buddha Tooth Relic Temple, said to house one of Buddha's teeth. Singapore is much more than the sum of its numerous attractions. It’s constantly evolving, reinventing, and reimagining itself, with people who are passionate about creating new possibilities. It’s where foodies, explorers, collectors, action seekers, culture shapers, and socialisers meet―and new experiences are created every day.
Auckland, based around 2 large harbors, is a major city in the north of New Zealand’s North Island. In the center, the iconic Sky Tower has views of Viaduct Harbour, which is full of superyachts and lined with bars and cafes. Auckland Domain, the city’s oldest park, is based around an extinct volcano and home to the formal Wintergardens. Near Downtown, Mission Bay Beach has a seaside promenade. Rated as the third most liveable city in the world, Auckland is an exhilarating mix of natural wonders and urban adventures. The urban environment where everyone lives within half an hour of beautiful beaches, hiking trails and a dozen enchanting holiday islands. Add a sunny climate, a background rhythm of Polynesian culture and a passion for outstanding food, wine and shopping, and you’re beginning to get the picture of Auckland,
Los Angeles is a sprawling Southern California city and the center of the nation’s film and television industry. Near its iconic Hollywood sign, studios such as Paramount Pictures, Universal and Warner Brothers offer behind-the-scenes tours. On Hollywood Boulevard, TCL Chinese Theatre displays celebrities’ hand- and footprints, the Walk of Fame honors thousands of luminaries and vendors sell maps to stars’ homes. Officially the City of Los Angeles and often known colloquially by its initials L.A. is the most populous city in California and the second most populous city in the United States.
Turin is the capital of Piedmont and is known for the refinement of its architecture and its cuisine. The Alps rise to the north-west of the city. Sumptuous baroque buildings and old cafés flank the avenues and grand squares of Turin, such as Piazza Castello and Piazza San Carlo. Nearby is the high spire of the Mole Antonelliana, from the 19th century, which hosts the interactive exhibitions of the National Cinema Museum. Turin is the capital of Piedmont and is known for the refinement of its architecture and its cuisine. The Alps rise to the north-west of the city. Sumptuous baroque buildings and old cafés flank the avenues and grand squares of Turin, such as Piazza Castello and Piazza San Carlo. Nearby is the high spire of the Mole Antonelliana, from the 19th century, which hosts the interactive exhibitions of the National Cinema Museum. The Egyptian Museum, second to that of the Cairo, is worth a visit, as well as the royal palaces of the Savoy Family, especially the Reggia of Venaria Reale.
Montréal is the largest city in Canada's Québec province. It’s set on an island in the Saint Lawrence River and named after Mt. Royal, the triple-peaked hill at its heart. Its boroughs, many of which were once independent cities, include neighborhoods ranging from cobblestoned, French colonial Vieux-Montréal – with the Gothic Revival Notre-Dame Basilica at its centre – to bohemian Plateau.
Edinburgh is Scotland's compact, hilly capital. It has a medieval Old Town and elegant Georgian New Town with gardens and neoclassical buildings. Looming over the city is Edinburgh Castle, home to Scotland’s crown jewels and the Stone of Destiny, used in the coronation of Scottish rulers. Arthur’s Seat is an imposing peak in Holyrood Park with sweeping views, and Calton Hill is topped with monuments and memorials. Edinburgh's Festival Fringe is the world's largest successful arts festival, which last year spanned 25 days and featured more than 55,000 performances of 3,548 different shows in 317 venues.
Washington, DC, the U.S. capital, is a compact city on the Potomac River, bordering the states of Maryland and Virginia. It’s defined by imposing neoclassical monuments and buildings – including the iconic ones that house the federal government’s 3 branches: the Capitol, White House, and Supreme Court. It's also home to iconic museums and performing-arts venues such as the Kennedy Center. Monuments and memorials, eclectic neighborhoods, true local flavor Washington, DC is a place unlike any other. It’s your home away from home with free museums and America’s front yard.
Melbourne is the coastal capital of the southeastern Australian state of Victoria. Melbourne is the most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, and the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. At the city's centre is the modern Federation Square development, with plazas, bars, and restaurants by the Yarra River. In the Southbank area, the Melbourne Arts Precinct is the site of Arts Centre Melbourne – a performing arts complex – and the National Gallery of Victoria, with Australian and indigenous art.
Seattle is a seaport city on the West Coast of the United States. It is the seat of King County, Washington, a city on Puget Sound in the Pacific Northwest, is surrounded by water, mountains and evergreen forests, and contains thousands of acres of parkland. Washington State’s largest city, it’s home to a large tech industry, with Microsoft and Amazon headquartered in its metropolitan area. The futuristic Space Needle, a 1962 World’s Fair legacy, is its most iconic landmark.
Boston is one of the oldest cities in the United States, founded on the Shawmut Peninsula in 1630 by Puritan settlers from England. It was the scene of several key events of the American Revolution. Today is the capital and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The Boston area's many colleges and universities, one among all the famous MIT, make it an international center of higher education, including law, medicine, engineering, and business, and the city is considered to be a world leader in innovation and entrepreneurship.
Dublin, capital of the Republic of Ireland, is on Ireland’s east coast at the mouth of the River Liffey. Its historic buildings include Dublin Castle, dating to the 13th century, and imposing St Patrick’s Cathedral, founded in 1191. City parks include landscaped St Stephen’s Green and huge Phoenix Park, containing Dublin Zoo. The National Museum of Ireland explores Irish heritage and culture. Dublin's streets are a busy fusion of both past and present – a 1,000-year-old mix that has inspired writers, visitors and political firebrands alike. From the city’s Viking roots by the banks of the river Liffey to its atmospheric medieval churches along gracious Georgian streets, walk these streets and you'll be taking a journey through history.
San Francisco, in northern California, is a hilltop town located at the tip of a peninsula surrounded by the Pacific Ocean and the San Francisco Bay. In addition to the perennial fog, it is also famous for the Golden Gate Bridge, trams and Victorian houses with a thousand colors. The Transamerica Pyramid, in the financial district, is the most famous skyscraper in the city. Frisco is home to a little bit of everything. Whether you're a first time visitor or a long-time local, San Francisco's Golden Gates welcome all
Nottingham is a city in central England’s Midlands region. It’s known for its role in the Robin Hood legend and for the hilltop Nottingham Castle Museum and Art Gallery, rebuilt many times since the medieval era. In the Lace Market area, once the center of the world’s lace industry, the Galleries of Justice Museum has crime-related exhibits. Wollaton Hall is an ornate Elizabethan mansion with gardens and a deer park.
New York City comprises 5 boroughs sitting where the Hudson River meets the Atlantic Ocean. At its core is Manhattan, a densely populated borough that’s among the world’s major commercial, financial and cultural centers. Its iconic sites include skyscrapers such as the Empire State Building and sprawling Central Park. Broadway theater is staged in neon-lit Times Square.
A Guglielmo Marconi, Premio Nobel per la Fisica nel 1909, è dovuta la prima trasmissione radiotelegrafica effettuata il 1903con un trasmettitore a scintilla. Marconi individuò nella zona di Coltano tra Pisa e Livorno il luogo adatto per costruire la prima stazione radio italiana a onde lunghe. Coloro che arrivando da Livorno e da Pisa entrano nel territorio di Coltano, si trovano davanti a dimensioni senza spazio e senza tempo con l’impressione di giungere in un altro pianeta, un piccolo borgo ricco di storia e circondato da un ambiente dove l’uomo non ha completamente vinto sulla natura. Le origini di Coltano si perdono nel tempo. Il suo territorio è rimasto per secoli quasi completamente isolato con i suoi acquitrini malsani e le vaste paludi che rendevano complessa la situazione idro-geologica di tutta la zona. Solamente con l’arrivo dei Granduchi Medicei iniziò quel percorso che in molti decenni portò al miglioramento del territorio, soprattutto con la costruzione della Villa Medicea.
Shoreham-by-Sea is a seaside town and port in West Sussex, England. The town is bordered to its north by the South Downs, to its west by the Adur Valley and to its south by the River Adur and Shoreham Beach on the English Channel.
Matera is a city located on a rocky outcrop in Basilicata, in southern Italy. It includes the area of the Sassi, a complex of Cave Houses excavated in the mountain. Evacuated in 1952 because of the poor conditions of life, the Sassi now host museums such as the Casa Grotta di Vico Solitario, with antique furniture and handicrafts. One of the nearby rupestrian churches is Santa Lucia alle Malve, with 13th-century frescoes.
Genoa is an amazing port city and is the capital of the Liguria region. It is known for its important role in maritime trade over many centuries. In the historic center is the Cathedral of San Lorenzo, in Romanesque style with a black and white striped façade and frescoed interiors. Narrow streets lead to monumental squares like the Piazza de Ferrari, with its characteristic bronze fountain and the Carlo Felice opera house. It has the biggest ancient city center still remained as it eas through the centuries. Famous all over the world for its handmade focaccia.
The City of Brussels is the largest municipality and historical center of the Brussels-Capital Region, and the de jure capital of Belgium. Besides the strict center, it also covers the immediate northern outskirts where it borders municipalities in Flanders, famous for its antique fabrics and painters. Today, although the seat of the European Parliament is in Strasbourg, most of the activities of the parliamentary committees take place in Brussels, while the general secretariat of the institution is in Luxembourg. The Edinburgh summit in 1992 and the Amsterdam Treaty in 1999 sanctioned this state of affairs.
London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core, colloquially known as the Square Mile, retains boundaries that follow closely their medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly. London is often considered as the world's leading global city and has been termed as the world's most powerful, most desirable, most influential, most visited, most expensive, innovative, sustainable, most investment-friendly, most popular for work, and the most vegetarian-friendly city in the world. London exerts a considerable impact upon the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transportation. London ranks 26 out of 300 major cities for economic performance. It is one of the largest financial centers.
Roma caput mundi, a city of a thousand faces. Rome is the political capital of Italy, but also the center of Christianity and houses within its territory the city-state of the Vatican. The seat of the papacy, its structure today is the result of numerous urban and architectural interventions that have been stratified over the millennia. in Rome imperial is surely the best known. The splendor of antiquity revives throughout the capital: from the Colosseum to the Imperial Fora, the Domus Aurea, the Pantheon and the Circus Maximus. The capital is also a lively city that offers its visitors a multitude of cultural events and museums.
Florence, the capital of Tuscany, hosts many masterpieces of Renaissance art and architecture. One of the most famous places is the Duomo, the cathedral with a tiled dome designed by Brunelleschi and Giotto's bell tower. The Accademia Gallery exhibits the sculpture of Michelangelo's David while in the Uffizi Gallery there is Botticelli's Birth of Venus and the Annunciation by Leonardo da Vinci.
Elegant, precious, inimitable, fun, romantic: this is Venice, the gem of the Venetian and Italian tourism scene, where churches, palaces, ancient bridges, monuments, and squares tell the artistic and cultural vivacity that has marked and still marks the history of this city. The heart of Venice is the splendid Piazza San Marco, the most elegant living room in Europe, surrounded by works of unquestionable value: the imposing bell tower and the Basilica with its five portals and the decorations of marble and mosaics that anticipate the splendor and the wealth of interiors. Also the museums, the Biennale of Architecture, the gondolas and the ancient caffè Florian, everything is worth a visit.